For the smaller tooth destruction topical fluoride is used and for larger lesions the treatment given are filling with Restorative materials like composite resin, porcelain and gold. In certain cases endodontic therapy is given and in severe cases extraction is opted.
Calculus are hard chalky white or dark green calcified deposits that form on the teeth or restorations
Stains are discolouration of the teeth caused by food, bacteria, tobacco, metals.
It causes gingivitis, gum diseases, periodontitis
1. Gingivitis can be treated by regular dental checkup and Scaling every 6 months.
2. Gum diseases and periodontitis can be treated by root planing and flap surgery
Black color of gingiva is removed by laser which is a painless and bloodless surgery
Looseness, Mobility of teeth is caused by disease of the gums, that leads to boneloss. Blunt injury of tooth structure also leads to mobility.
Teeth which are mobile less than 1 mm can be splinted to the adjacent teeth. Cleaning of the mobile teeth free of all bacterial sources may reduce mobility.
The common dental condition occuring when a tooth fails to fully emerge from the gums. If these teeth to partially emerge they may trap food or bacteria in the soft tissue around them and giving rise to foul odour and swelling of the gums called pericoronitis. The eruption of this wisdom tooth is usually between 18 - 22 years. This occurs only if there is space in the jaws, due to deficient space the wisdom tooth gets locked within the jaws.
Surgical removal of the impacted teeth.
Replacement of missing teeth - Why should we replace a missing teeth / tooth
Chewing and general health can be affected. The appearance of the front teeth and the smile can deteriorate. Teeth adjacent to spaces may drift and tilt into them. Teeth in the opposite jaw, over the space, can grow longer because there is no opposite tooth to bite against, and keep it in place. The bite can be affected, and the front teeth can be forced forward.
The loss or absence of a teeth or tooth can be congenital or early removal of deciduous teeth and also due to removal of grossly decayed teeth.
Replacement of missing teeth with crown and bridges,implants partial denture and complete denture.
Crowns- Metal, Metal fusted ceramic, Metal free ceramic or Zirconium, 3M LAVA
Crowns are used to cover teeth that are damaged tooth, also it protect and cover the existing tooth above the gum line. These crowns can be metal containing gold alloy, other alloys (for example, palladium), or a base-metal alloy (for example, nickel or chromium) or metal-free fused with ceramic or zirconium, these type of crowns are used for people with metal allergies. Whereas the 3M LAVA metals crowns with new dental work provides strength and avoid the stains on teeth.
Complete Dentures- BPS Dentures
Full or complete dentures replace all the teeth in both jaws. A full denture replaces all the teeth in one jaw. BPS denture are made using the Ivoclar processing system. This unique system uses continues heat and injection to produce dentures that are comfortable and functional.
Dental Implants for replacing - Simple tooth, Multiple teeth, Denture Supported, All on 4, Zygoma Implants
An implant is a fine titanium metal that is inserted into the jawbone. It takes the place of the natural root, which was removed when the tooth was extracted. This titanium root or implant can anchor a replacement crown or a bridge that is cemented or screwed to it. Titanium is used as it is exceptionally well tolerated by the human body, and is seldom rejected. It is also extremely strong and durable.
Composite Esthetic Light Cure Filling
Orthodontic treatment Ceramic braces / steel braces
Orthodontic treatment is an art for straightening teeth or involves in positioning unequal jaw relation. Dentists suggest wearing braces for these, where patient need to keep braces for 6 -15 months and should be monitored every 4 weeks. This treatment can be started for the patient at early age from 11 yrs old with less complicated procedure, with faster and better results. Also there is no age limit for the orthodontic treatment. There are many types of braces available, in which steel braces are more affordable for all people and ceramic braces which are available in porcelain, poly carboxyl ate which appear just like the normal teeth and cannot be recognized.
Tooth Whitening (Plasma or laser Tooth Whitening System)
Tooth whitening is also called as dental bleaching to remove the stains caused by smoking, tobacco chewing, colored food stains or poor oral hygiene. Laser Tooth Whitening System is the advanced procedure and most expensive system which takes only an hour to do. The treatment begins by applying a bleaching gel on the tooth enamel and then activated using a controlled laser light. Its is a faster and safest whitening procedure used now a days.
Root Canal Treatment
When a tooth is infected causing server pain or sensitivity to hot or cold drinks, or darkening of tooth, this cause the root canal problem which is caused by the cavity in the tooth till root.
The Root canal treatment is to clean infection caused by the cavity and fill the internal hollow root. A crown is placed on the tooth to protect from further damage.
Orthognathic surgery is to straighten the facial structure which is inappropriate posture, aesthetics and function of the jaws. This surgery is to reposition a single jaw or double jaw with correct alignment with harmony in facial features. It is aligned so naturally that when jaws are moved forward and backward or while chewing, the movement of lip, chin and cheek are moved accordingly.
Cleft lip & Palate Repair
Cleft lip and cleft palate are malformation occurs for unborn baby developing in mother. Cleft lip is physical separation of upper lip whereas the cleft palate is a spilt at the roof of the mouth either one or two sides of the upper lip.
Clefts can be treated by the improved techniques in cleft surgeries, which results in improving the child’s facial functions and normal appearance.
Partial & Complete Dentures
Partial dentures are used for the replacement of one or more tooth, where the tooth are fixed with gum colored plastic (usually pink colored) by a metal that hold the denture in place of mouth. This denture not only for the replacement of the missing tooth, but it prevents the other teeth from changing its position.
Complete dentures are used for the replacement for all missing teeth, which support for the cheek, lips and for chewing function. There are two types in complete denture, they are immediate and conventional.
Conventional denture is inserted only after healing of gums once the teeth are extracted. It takes a number of appointments to insert the conventional denture in the mouth. Immediate denture is placed at once the teeth are removed, but after the healing process the denture may loosen.
Pediatric dentistry is a field of expertise in dental health. Pediatric dentist are specialized in handling the dental health of children from infant to teenager. They teach and treat children to take care of their teeth and feel them comfortable whenever they visit the dentist.
Parents must take their child for dentist when they are at the age of two and half years, by the time the child will be having all the baby teeth. Also must at least visit dentist twice a year.
Toothache is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases. Tooth decay is a common reason for toothache, when severe, it is considered a dental emergency, since there may be a significant impact on sleep, eating, and other daily activities. The treatment of a toothache depends upon the exact cause, and may involve a filling, root canal treatment, extraction, drainage of pus
GUM INFECTION- Plaque is the primary cause of gum disease. other factors can contribute to periodontal disease include: Hormonal changes, Illnesses may affect the condition of your gums ( diseases such as cancer or HIV that interfere with the immune system,diabetes) Bad habits such as smoking make it harder for gum tissue to repair itself. Poor oral hygiene habits such as not brushing and flossing on a daily basis, make it easier for gingivitis to develop. Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth (the space between the gum and tooth; the larger and deeper the pocket, the more severe the disease)
Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment.
Tooth sensitivity can affect one or more teeth. It’s most common when you eat or drink something hot, cold, sweet, or sour. Sometimes a breath of cold air can set it off. The pain can be sharp and sudden and can shoot deep into the nerve endings of your teeth.
Tooth decay is damage that occurs when germs (bacteria) in your mouth make acids that eat away at a tooth. It can lead to a hole in the tooth, called a cavity. If not treated, tooth decay can cause pain, infection, and tooth loss
Wisdom teeth are a third set of molars in the back of your mouth. They usually come in between the ages of 17 and 25, and they're spotted on X-rays. Most people have them removed for one of these reasons:
They’re impacted. They come in at the wrong angle.
Your mouth isn’t big enough. Your jaw has no room for an extra set of molars.
You have cavities or gum disease. You may not be able to reach your wisdom teeth with your toothbrush or dental floss.